He also had four gun second rates and twenty third rates.
Before the battle[ change change source ] The Napoleonic Wars had gone on for some time. France had built the strongest army in Europe, and controlled much of the land.
Because it was an islandBritain had built a strong Royal Navy and used this to blockade France to prevent French ships from leaving their ports. The French leader Napoleon Bonaparte wanted to invade and conquer Britain, which meant he had to sink the British navy first, otherwise it would be able to prevent his Battle of trafalgar from landing.
The British knew that France might try to attack them, and had placed ships outside the important French ports, like Toulon. The admiral chief sailor in charge of the British fleet was Lord Horatio Nelson. He had become famous in Britain for his victories over the French, such as at the Battle of the Nile in But the French navy managed to avoid Nelson's fleet and leave Toulon during a storm and met a group of Spanish ships.
Spain at the time was an ally partner of France. This small fleet first sailed to the West Indiesthen returned across the Atlantic Ocean to the Spanish port of Cadiz. They wanted to join with more French ships to make a stronger fleet. The British had chased them both ways across the ocean.
The battle[ change change source ] The French then learned that some British ships had been seen in Gibraltarand thought this meant that the British fleet was not as strong as it had been before. So they decided that this was the best time to leave Cadiz. The next day, the 33 ships of the French and Spanish fleet were met by the 27 ships of the British.
Before the battle started, he sent a message which was to become famous: England expects that every man will do his duty.
After the battle[ change change source ] Because France was unable to invade Britain, British soldiers were able to fight on the European continent together with the armies of other countries against the armies of Napoleon. In the end, Napoleon was finally defeated, inat the Battle of Waterloo.
With control of the seas, Britain was able to build up a large empire during the years that followed and its navy was the world's largest for over a hundred years. Nelson's body was brought back to Great Britain and he was given a hero's funeral.This is a listing of the fleets that participated in the Battle of Trafalgar on 21 October , and the number of killed and wounded per ship..
Named officers marked '†', killed in action or died of wounds.
Battle of Trafalgar, (October 21, ), naval engagement of the Napoleonic Wars, which established British naval supremacy for more than years; it was fought west of Cape Trafalgar, Spain, between Cádiz and the Strait of Gibraltar.
Feb 17, · The why, where, how and when of the Battle of the Trafalgar - and the man who made all the difference.
The Battle of Trafalgar was to witness both .
The Battle of Trafalgar was a sea battle fought on 21 October between the navies of France and Spain on one side, and Great Britain on the other. The battle took place near Cape Trafalgar (a cape is a piece of land sticking out into the sea), which is in southwest Spain.
The battle ended with a clear victory for the British forces. Nov 09, · Watch video · Battle of Trafalgar Part of the Napoleonic Wars (), the Battle of Trafalgar featured a clash of Franco-Spanish and British fleets off .
The Battle of Trafalgar took place on October 21, It was our Navy's most famous victory - and confirmed our reign on the seas. The date also marks Lord Nelson's death, as he was fatally.